Fatty Liver Treatment in Delhi
What is Fatty Liver?
Fatty Liver means there is the deposition of fat in and around your liver. The liver cells are filled with fat cells that hamper the proper functioning of the liver. The fatty liver itself doesn’t produce many symptoms other than fatigue, heaviness in the abdomen, and loss of appetite. These symptoms are often ignored by the patient that eventually worsens the condition. Dr. Sandeep Jha is a renowned liver doctor in Delhi for the best fatty liver treatment in Delhi. He is a senior hepatologist at Manipal Hospital Delhi and is also available at his clinic, Care & Cure situated at Malviya Nagar Delhi. You can get all information by calling us at +91-9999984373
Types of Fatty Liver Disease
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease or NAFLD – the patient has no history of drinking alcohol but is suffering from fatty liver.
Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease – the patient is a habitual user of alcohol and the fatty liver has been caused due to alcohol usage.
People who are more prone to Fatty Liver disease are –
Type 2 diabetes patients
PCOS – polycystic ovarian syndrome
Those who have lost a lot of weight in a small period of time
Patients having high cholesterol levels (especially triglycerides) in blood
Those patients who have a metabolic syndrome that is who has high BP, Fat around their belly, and high cholesterol levels are at high risk of having fatty liver.
Those having any kind of liver infection such as hepatitis C are also more prone to fatty liver.
People in which the liver disease runs in the family are also more prone to hepatic steatosis.
How the Diagnosis of Fatty Liver is made?
Patient History – First of all your medical history is taken. Your previous illness, the illness that runs in the family, or any medication that you are taking are asked. After that, the next step is taken to perform some diagnostic tests. Physical examination is also performed to check for any liver enlargement.
Blood Tests – Blood tests are performed to check for liver enzymes. An increased number of liver enzymes are a sign of infection in the liver. Liver function tests and cholesterol panel is performed in most cases.
Diagnostic Imaging – Ultrasound of liver is most likely ordered to find out the deposition of fat and signs of inflammation on liver. Other tests that may need to be performed are CT scan and MRI scan.
Liver Biopsy – A liver biopsy can also be performed to find out whether the liver has scarring or not. As the scarring is irreversible and it tells us that that the fatty liver has progressed to fibrosis or cirrhosis. In this test, a small tissue of the liver is taken by inserting a needle inside it. It is performed under local anesthesia and is a daycare procedure. It is not recommended for all fatty liver patients.
What are the Symptoms of Fatty Liver?
Feeling of fullness in the abdomen, fatigue, indigestion are the primary symptoms of fatty liver. These symptoms are quite subtle and patients often ignore these symptoms. These symptoms must not be ignored as they can worsen the condition. Patients then face many other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, skin itching, dark-colored urine, pale stools, yellow skin, and eyes, etc.
What are the Stages of Fatty Liver?
Stage 1 or Simple fatty liver – It is the mild form of fatty liver. There is the deposition of fat only on the liver. This fatty liver stage needs careful observation by a liver doctor so that it does not progress. Dr. Sandeep Jha will provide you with advice on how to change your lifestyle as well.
Stage 2 or Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) – NAFLD or non-alcoholic fatty liver has more chances of getting converted into NASH. In this stage, the liver gets inflamed and has swelling on it. However, the infection can be treated and is reversible in the initial stages.
Stage 3 or Fibrosis – If the patient develops scarring or tight tissue on the liver then it is called fibrosis. The tight non-functioning rubbery tissue replaces the healthy tissues and liver damage can progress. Medications and extensive treatment are necessary at this stage.
Stage 4 or Cirrhosis – this is the most severe stage of liver disease. This means the liver is progressing towards liver failure and liver transplant surgery is the option. However, in some cases, liver resection can also provide a good prognosis. Medications are also provided to keep it healthy. Dr. Sandeep Jha is an expert in the treatment of cirrhosis of the liver. You can book an appointment with him here.
Fatty Liver Treatment in Delhi
Diet For A Fatty Liver Patient
Lifestyle Changes – Lifestyle changes play a very important role in treating fatty liver. The patient is asked to acquire a healthy lifestyle. Vegetarian, healthy, low-fat, and fiber-rich foods are advised. Fried-food, the Patient is asked to remain physically active and perform any aerobic exercise such as walking, swimming, etc based on the extent of the disease. Weight loss is also promoted and a good diet plan is also prescribed to the patient.
Treating the causative factor of fatty liver – Treating the cause behind the fatty liver is very important, such as the treatment is given for insulin resistance, diabetes, hypertension, or any other reason behind it.
Avoid alcohol if you have alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Those who have been suffering from various liver infections are provided vaccinations against hepatitis.
Drinking a good amount of water also helps in flushing the toxins and maintaining a healthy liver.
Medications – Supportive medications are given to keep the liver in the best health and to prevent it from progressing into fibrosis or cirrhosis.
Surgery – If the fatty liver has progressed into fibrosis or cirrhosis then it becomes irreversible and the chances of liver failure and liver cancer increase. In such cases, sometimes liver resection (in case of liver cancer) or liver transplant surgery (in case of severe cirrhosis) is performed.